Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which close objects are
seen clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long
or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the
eye isn’t focused correctly and distant objects look blurred.
Persons with nearsightedness have several options available to regain clear distance vision. They
• contact lenses
• laser and other refractive surgery procedures
• vision therapy for persons with stress-related nearsightedness.
Eyeglasses are the primary choice of correction for persons with nearsightedness. Generally, a
single vision lens is prescribed to provide clear vision at all distances. However, for patients over
about age 40, or children and adults whose nearsightedness is due to the stress of near vision
work, a bifocal or progressive addition lens may be needed. These multifocal lenses provide
different powers or strengths throughout the lens to allow for clear vision in the distance and also
clear vision up close.